Practicing architecture under the bamboo ceiling: The life and work of iwahiko tsumanuma (Thomas S. Rockrise), 1878–1936

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)280-303
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of the Society of Architectural Historians
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
1. This essay would not have been possible without the Rockrise family’s generosity in providing extended access to their collection of materials concerning Iwahiko Tsumanuma’s life and work and their engagement in making sense of the record. I wish to express my gratitude to Peter Rockrise, who not only shared the papers but has also granted open access to the digital collection through the Denshō Project; Christina Rockrise, who collaborated from start to finish in researching and writing the history; and Peter’s children, who have waited patiently to hold family heirlooms in their own hands until the scholarly project is done. This work could not have been accomplished without the intellectual and organizational contributions of research and access assistants Alyssa Gregory and Sarah Pawlicki, who made it possible for me to navigate the physical and digital aspects of an unprocessed collection despite my visual impairment. This essay is drawn from a larger book project documenting the lives and careers of the earliest architects of Japanese ancestry to practice in America, which has been supported by senior fellowships from the American Council of Learned Societies and the Smithsonian Institution, a short-term research grant from the Huntington Library, and sabbatical support from the University of Minnesota. Several editors offered feedback that shaped the work in progress, particularly Katherine Solomonson, Carol Krin-sky, and Patricia Morton. My deep thanks as well to the community of scholars, working in Asian American architectural history and other fields, who commented on multiple drafts: Isabelle Gournay, Donna Graves, Dolores Hayden, Lynne Horiuchi, Sean McPherson, Lisa Hsieh, and anonymous reviewers.

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