A major limitation of the use of cellular therapies is the loss of donor-derived cells because of immune incompatibility. While induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells offer the potential for autologous transplant therapies, questions have been raised using a mouse model that specific antigens mediate the rejection of grafts after syngeneic transplants with iPS, but not embryonic stem (ES) cells. In this study, we examined whether the human homologs of these markers, HORMAD1, ZG16, and Cyp3A, are differentially expressed in human iPS versus ES cells, as well as undifferentiated and in vitro-differentiated cells. Both qRT-PCR and flow cytometric analyses demonstrated similar gene and protein expression profiles for iPS and ES cells regardless of differentiation state. Our data are consistent with a recent study in mice that showed no evidence of rejection of differentiated syngeneic iPS cells. Furthermore, our results suggest that expression of these gene products cannot predict differences in clinical outcomes between human iPS and ES-derived cells.
- Embryonic stem cells
- immune rejection
- induced pluripotent stem cells
- transplant therapy
- tumor antigens