Potential improvements of supercritical CO2 Brayton cycle by mixing other gases

WooSeok Jeong, Jeong Ik Lee, Yong Hoon Jeong, Hee Cheon No

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

A Sodium-cooled Fast Reactor (SFR) is one of the strongest candidates for the next generation nuclear reactor.. However, the conventional design of a SFR concept with an indirect Rankine cycle is subjected to a sodium-water reaction. To prevent any hazards from sodium-water reaction, a SFR with the Brayton cycle using Supercritical Carbon dioxide (S-CO2) as working fluid can be an alternative approach to improve the current SFR design. There are some key advantages of a S-CO2 cycle. The size of turbo-machineries in a S-CO2 cycle is much smaller than those in other cycles. Furthermore, high efficiency can be achieved with lower turbine inlet temperature and simpler cycle configuration. However, the S-CO2 Brayton cycle is highly sensitive to the critical point of working fluids than other Brayton cycles. This is because compressor work is significantly decreased slightly above the critical point due to high density near boundary between supercritical state and subcritical state. For this reason, heat rejection temperature and the minimum pressure of cycle are just above the CO2 critical point. In other words, critical point acts as a limitation of the lowest operating condition of the cycle. In general, lowering rejection temperature of thermodynamic cycles can increase the efficiency. Therefore, it can be predicted that changing the critical point of CO2 can result in an improvement of the total cycle efficiency with the same layout.In order to change the critical point of CO2, a small amount of other gases can be added. The direction and range of critical point variation of CO2 depends on the mixed component and its amount. It should be noted that not only the critical point changes but also all other thermo-physical properties vary with concentration of species in a gas mixture. To evaluate the effect of shifting the critical point and changes of properties on the S-CO2 Brayton cycle, a simple Brayton cycle analysis tool with property data of multi-component gas was developed.This work will investigate which material and composition of gas mixture is the best coolant for Balance Of Plant (BOP) of a SFR. Several gases that show chemical stability within interested range of cycle operating condition have chosen as candidates for the mixture. By using the developed cycle tool, optimized cycle of gas mixture will be compared with the reference case of pure S-CO2 cycle, and characteristics of the proposed supercritical gas mixture cycle will be discussed in thermodynamical point of view.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationInternational Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants 2010, ICAPP 2010
Pages448-458
Number of pages11
Volume1
StatePublished - Sep 7 2010
Externally publishedYes
EventInternational Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants 2010, ICAPP 2010 - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: Jun 13 2010Jun 17 2010

Other

OtherInternational Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants 2010, ICAPP 2010
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego, CA
Period6/13/106/17/10

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