Posttransplant monitoring of pediatric lung transplant recipients

Gary A. Visner, Samuel B. Goldfarb

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article reviews current trends in pediatric lung posttransplant management, reveals pitfalls that exist, and introduces additional parameters that may have an impact on long-term survival. RECENT FINDINGS: A number of parameters are monitored after transplantation to prevent or identify early complications related to lung transplantation in hope of reducing morbidity and mortality. These include routine laboratory studies, imaging, and monitoring of drug levels and lung function. Drug monitoring allows individualization of a patient's immunosuppressive therapy; however, drug levels alone may not reflect the patient's immune status. ImmuKnow is a general immune-monitoring assay that may help guide therapy. Two major complications are rejection and infection, and bronchoscopy is used to differentiate these two entities. Silent rejection may occur and increase the chance of developing bronchiolitis obliterans; therefore, many centers perform surveillance bronchoscopies. Recently, de-novo anti-histocompatibility locus antigen antibodies and gastroesophageal reflux have been associated with poor outcomes, and many centers are monitoring these entities as part of care following lung transplant. SUMMARY: There has been little improvement in long-term outcomes of lung transplantation. Current monitoring methods are utilized to maintain or improve outcomes and recently additional monitoring parameters have been identified which hopefully will improve long-term outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)321-326
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Opinion in Pediatrics
Volume19
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Diagnostic tests
  • Lung transplant
  • Patient care
  • Pediatric

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