A post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) is an uncommon but serious complication following solid-organ transplantation. The incidence varies, depending on the type of organ transplanted, the degree of immunosuppression, the number of episodes of acute rejection and a patients immune status to Epstein-Barr virus. The incidence of PTLD is thought to be bimodal; cases in the first year after solid-organ transplantation are typically related to Epstein-Barr virus. A second incidence occurs more than 1 year following transplantation and is typically not related to Epstein-Barr virus. A variety of therapeutic approaches has been used for these patients, with more recent strategies including the use of rituximab, with or without combination chemotherapy. Efforts continue to be made to improve the outcome of patients with PTLD.
- Non-Hodgkin lymphoma
- Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder
- Solid-organ transplantation