Positron emission tomography and leiomyomas: Clinicopathologic analysis of 3 cases of PET scan-positive leiomyomas and literature review

Justin C. Chura, Alexander M. Truskinovsky, Patricia L. Judson, Linda Johnson, Melissa A Geller, Levi S Downs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: Studies have suggested that PET scans can differentiate between leiomyomas and leiomyosarcomas. Our experience, however, shows that PET scan-positive smooth muscle tumors are not necessarily malignant. Case reports: Three patients with cancer underwent PET imaging. In all three, the most worrisome finding was a PET scan-positive uterine tumor. After surgical extirpation, all three uterine tumors were found to be benign smooth muscle neoplasms. Discussion: To explore the potential reason these tumors were positive on PET imaging, we performed a detailed histopathologic and immunohistochemical study of all specimens. Pathologic evaluation revealed a leiomyoma, a cellular leiomyoma, and a stromomyoma. There was no association between an increased Ki67 (proliferative) index and positivity on PET imaging. Increased vascularity, however, appeared to be a feature common to the leiomyomas that were PET-positive.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)247-252
Number of pages6
JournalGynecologic oncology
Volume104
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2007

Keywords

  • Cellular leiomyoma
  • Leiomyoma
  • Leiomyosarcoma
  • Positron emission tomography
  • Stromomyoma

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