Poroviscoelastic cartilage properties in the mouse from indentation

Sidharth Chiravarambath, Narendra K. Simha, Ravi Namani, Jack L Lewis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


A method for fitting parameters in a poroviscoelastic (PVE) model of articular cartilage in the mouse is presented. Indentation is performed using two different sized indenters and then these data are fitted using a PVE finite element program and parameter extraction algorithm. Data from a smaller indenter, a 15 μm diameter flat-ended 60 deg cone, is first used to fit the viscoelastic (VE) parameters, on the basis that for this tip size the gel diffusion time (approximate time constant of the poroelastic (PE) response) is of the order of 0.1 s, so that the PE response is negligible. These parameters are then used to fit the data from a second 170 μm diameter flat-ended 60 deg cone for the PE parameters, using the VE parameters extracted from the data from the 15 μm tip. Data from tests on five different mouse tibial plateaus are presented and fitted. Parameter variation studies for the larger indenter show that for this case the VE and PE time responses overlap in time, necessitating the use of both models.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of biomechanical engineering
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2009


  • Indentation
  • Inverse finite element
  • Mouse cartilage
  • Poroviscoelastic

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