Soybean cyst nematode [Heterodera glycines Ichinohe] (SCN) can reduce soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] yields. Rotating soybean with a nonhost crop usually reduces SCN populations. Cropping sequence experiments initiated in the early 1980s at two Minnesota locations were monitored in 1996, 1997, and 1998 for changes in SCN egg densities. Cropping sequences were: (i) 5-yr consecutive corn (Zea mays L.) alternated with 5-yr consecutive soybean, (ii) continuous monoculture of each crop, (iii) annual alternation of two cultivars within a continuous monoculture of each crop, and (iv) annual rotation of each crop. In 1989, SCN was detected in several of the plots at both locations. By 1996, all cropping sequences had detectable populations of SCN eggs at both locations, regardless of whether the land had been planted to continuous corn since the early 1980s. Lowest densities of SCN eggs were typically found in cropping sequences that involved continuous corn and where corn had been planted for the last three or more years, whereas highest levels of SCN eggs were found in cropping sequences that involved continuous soybean and where soybean had been planted for the last two or more years. These results suggest planting a nonhost to SCN for as long as 5 yr on infested land will not eliminate future problems with this pathogen. In addition, the results suggest that at least a portion of the crop sequence effects on yield has a soil microbiological basis involving mechanisms that are specific to a location.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|State||Published - 2001|