Population genetic structure of N. American and European Phalaris arundinacea L. as inferred from inter-simple sequence repeat markers

Michael F. Nelson, Neil O. Anderson, Michael D. Casler, Andrew R. Jakubowski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Phalaris arundinacea L. (reed canarygrass) has become one of the most aggressive invaders of North American wetlands. P. arundinacea is native to temperate N. America, Europe, and Asia, but repeated introductions of European genotypes to N. America, recent range expansions, and the planting of forage and ornamental cultivars complicate the resolution of its demographic history. Molecular tools can help to unravel the demographic and invasion history of populations of invasive species. In this study, inter-simple sequence repeat markers were used to analyze the population genetic structure of European and N. American populations of reed canary grass as well as forage and ornamental cultivars. We found that P. arundinacea harbors a high amount of genetic diversity with most of the diversity located within, as opposed to among, populations. Cluster analyses suggested that current populations are admixtures of two formerly distinct genetic groups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)353-363
Number of pages11
JournalBiological Invasions
Volume16
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2014

Keywords

  • AMOVA
  • ISSRs
  • Phalaris arundinacea
  • Population structure
  • STRUCTURE

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