Polypharmacy of heart failure: Creating a rational pharmacotherapeutic protocol

W. H. Wilson Tang, Gary S. Francis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


In the management of chronic heart failure, polypharmacy is common, necessary, and often overlooked. The increasing costs of care, noncompliance, and frequent adverse drug interactions have led to diminishing benefits by simply adding additional drugs to the already complex regimen. This review outlines a rational pharmacotherapeutic protocol based on establishing overall therapeutic goals and confirming treatment targets, tailoring therapy to individual patients by balancing beneficial and adverse drug effects, and paying particular attention to patient education and other nonpharmacologic support.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)583-596
Number of pages14
JournalCardiology Clinics
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2001

Bibliographical note

Copyright 2018 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


Dive into the research topics of 'Polypharmacy of heart failure: Creating a rational pharmacotherapeutic protocol'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this