Poly(n -butyl methacrylate) in ionic liquids with tunable lower critical solution temperatures (LCST)

Hau Nan Lee, Timothy P. Lodge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

56 Scopus citations

Abstract

We describe the lower critical solution temperature (LCST)-type phase behavior of poly(n-butyl methacrylate) (PnBMA) (M = 13 000 and 48 000) dissolved in 1-alkyl-3-methylimidazolium bis{(trifluoromethyl) sulfonyl}amide ionic liquids (ILs). The temperature-composition phase diagrams of these PnBMA/IL systems are strongly asymmetric with the critical composition shifted to low concentrations of PnBMA. As the molecular weight increases from 13 000 to 48 000, the critical temperature decreases by 20 °C, and the critical composition shifts to a lower concentration. On the basis of the LCST of PnBMA, we designed a thermosensitive poly(n-butyl methacrylate)-poly(ethylene oxide) (PnBMA-PEO) diblock copolymer that exhibits a free chain/micelle transition in an IL as the temperature increases above the lower critical micellization temperature (LCMT). Furthermore, using IL blends as solvents, both the LCST of PnBMA and the LCMT of PnBMA-PEO can be tuned over a wide range by mixing two different alkyl methylimidazolium ILs without modifying the chemical structure of the polymers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1971-1977
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry B
Volume115
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 10 2011

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