Poly(l-lysine) hydrobromide stimulates arachidonic acid release with concomitant synthesis and release of prostaglandins and lipoxygenase-mediated metabolites (hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acids) in cultures of 3T3 Swiss mouse fibroblasts biosynthetically labeled with [3H]arachidonic acid. The response is rapid, reversible with trypsin and persists for at least 50 min. An evaluation of the calcium dependence of the hydrolytic process was consistent with the rate-limiting step involving a cell-surface, calcium-dependent enzyme. The response involves stimulated hydrolysis of arachidonic acid-containing phospholipids, implying the activation of a phospholipase. Arachidonic acid release is stimulated only by poly(l-lysine) hydrobromide preparations with a molecular weight greater than 30 000, which corresponds to a polypeptide chain of more than 140 lysine hydrobromide residues. A variety of other polycations (Mr > 30000), but not polyanions or neutral polymers, stimulated arachidonic acid release and prostaglandin synthesis. The results are consistent with an activation mechanism involving cross-linking of anionic sites on the cell surface. Poly(l-lysine) hydrobromide is also cytotoxic, but the cytotoxic response occurs at 10-fold higher concentrations than arachidonic acid release.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA)/Lipids and Lipid Metabolism|
|State||Published - Apr 18 1984|
- (Mouse fibroblast)
- Arachidonic acid
- Prostaglandin synthesis