Pollination along an elevational gradient mediated both by floral scent and pollinator compatibility in the fig and fig-wasp mutualism

Daniel Souto-Vilarós, Magali Proffit, Bruno Buatois, Michal Rindos, Mentap Sisol, Thomas Kuyaiva, Brus Isua, Jan Michalek, Clive T. Darwell, Martine Hossaert-McKey, George D Weiblen, Vojtech Novotny, Simon T. Segar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the fig (Moraceae) and fig-wasp (Agaonidae) mutualism, scent is believed to be of primary importance in pollinator attraction and maintenance of species specificity. Scent divergence between closely related Ficus species seems sufficient in promoting reproductive isolation through pollinator behaviour, starting the process of speciation. We investigated volatile organic compound (VOC) variation from figs in several Ficus species endemic to Papua New Guinea. Sister species of section Papuacyse and subspecies of Ficus trichocerasa substitute each other along the continuously forested Mt. Wilhelm elevational gradient. We placed these species in a phylogenetic context to draw conclusions of scent divergence between close relatives. In addition, pollinator response to VOCs emitted by figs of different species was tested. Volatile profiles differed significantly between focal species, although with a varying degree of overlap between (sub)species and elevations. Pollinators were generally attracted to VOCs emitted only by their hosts except in one case where pollinating fig wasps were also attracted to the sister species of its host. Wasp morphological traits, however, indicate that it is mechanically impossible for this species to oviposit in figs of this atypical encounter. Synthesis. This study demonstrates that while scent is an effective signal for partner recognition, there are multiple barriers which help maintain prepollination isolation in fig and pollinating fig-wasp interactions. Speciation along this elevational gradient is reinforced by divergence in key reproductive isolation mechanisms on both sides of the mutualism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2256-2273
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Ecology
Volume106
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2018

Fingerprint

Agaonidae
mutualism
figs
pollinating insects
wasp
pollinator
pollination
odors
Ficus
reproductive isolation
volatile organic compound
divergence
Moraceae
subspecies
volatile organic compounds
Papua New Guinea
indigenous species
endemic species
synthesis
phylogeny

Keywords

  • character divergence
  • evolutionary ecology
  • fig pollination
  • fig-wasp attraction
  • reproductive isolation
  • sister species
  • speciation
  • volatile organic compounds (VOCs)

Cite this

Souto-Vilarós, D., Proffit, M., Buatois, B., Rindos, M., Sisol, M., Kuyaiva, T., ... Segar, S. T. (2018). Pollination along an elevational gradient mediated both by floral scent and pollinator compatibility in the fig and fig-wasp mutualism. Journal of Ecology, 106(6), 2256-2273. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2745.12995

Pollination along an elevational gradient mediated both by floral scent and pollinator compatibility in the fig and fig-wasp mutualism. / Souto-Vilarós, Daniel; Proffit, Magali; Buatois, Bruno; Rindos, Michal; Sisol, Mentap; Kuyaiva, Thomas; Isua, Brus; Michalek, Jan; Darwell, Clive T.; Hossaert-McKey, Martine; Weiblen, George D; Novotny, Vojtech; Segar, Simon T.

In: Journal of Ecology, Vol. 106, No. 6, 01.11.2018, p. 2256-2273.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Souto-Vilarós, D, Proffit, M, Buatois, B, Rindos, M, Sisol, M, Kuyaiva, T, Isua, B, Michalek, J, Darwell, CT, Hossaert-McKey, M, Weiblen, GD, Novotny, V & Segar, ST 2018, 'Pollination along an elevational gradient mediated both by floral scent and pollinator compatibility in the fig and fig-wasp mutualism', Journal of Ecology, vol. 106, no. 6, pp. 2256-2273. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2745.12995
Souto-Vilarós, Daniel ; Proffit, Magali ; Buatois, Bruno ; Rindos, Michal ; Sisol, Mentap ; Kuyaiva, Thomas ; Isua, Brus ; Michalek, Jan ; Darwell, Clive T. ; Hossaert-McKey, Martine ; Weiblen, George D ; Novotny, Vojtech ; Segar, Simon T. / Pollination along an elevational gradient mediated both by floral scent and pollinator compatibility in the fig and fig-wasp mutualism. In: Journal of Ecology. 2018 ; Vol. 106, No. 6. pp. 2256-2273.
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AU - Proffit, Magali

AU - Buatois, Bruno

AU - Rindos, Michal

AU - Sisol, Mentap

AU - Kuyaiva, Thomas

AU - Isua, Brus

AU - Michalek, Jan

AU - Darwell, Clive T.

AU - Hossaert-McKey, Martine

AU - Weiblen, George D

AU - Novotny, Vojtech

AU - Segar, Simon T.

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