Political openness and transnational activism: Comparative insights from labor activism

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Scholars have posited both a positive and a negative relationship between political openness and transnational activism, arguing that while closed opportunity structures positively affect activism by creating strong incentives for activists to "go transnational," they also negatively affect activism by inhibiting local groups from participating. The author argues that these contrary arguments are largely the result of an insufficiently developed comparative approach to the study of transnational activism. By examining countries at different levels of openness and multiple types of activism, she shows that different types of activism are affected in distinct ways by the level of political openness.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)277-304
Number of pages28
JournalPolitics and Society
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 1 2006


  • Burma
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Labor
  • Transnational activism

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