Policy effects on microgrid economics, technology selection, and environmental impact

Michael Zachar, Milana Trifkovic, Prodromos Daoutidis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations


This paper deals with the impact of policy decisions on optimal microgrid design. A generic system is considered consisting of solar photovoltaics, wind turbine, microturbines, electric boiler, gas-fired boiler, and a battery bank. The microgrid is grid-connected and designed to supply both heat and power. An optimal design is found to minimize the cost of energy supply over a 20 year lifespan. The optimal design is analyzed under a variety of policy scenarios such as emission taxation, emission reduction, and minimum system autonomy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)364-375
Number of pages12
JournalComputers and Chemical Engineering
StatePublished - Nov 2 2014

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship Program under Grant No. 00039202 . Partial financial support from the University of Minnesotas Initiative for Renewable Energy and the Environment (IREE) project RL-0010-13 is also acknowledged.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Elsevier Ltd.

Copyright 2016 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • Microgrid
  • Optimization
  • Public policy
  • Renewable power


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