Stroke is a one of the leading causes of disease and deaths worldwide, which causes irreversible deterioration of the central nervous system. Curcuminoids are reported to have a potential role in the amelioration of cerebral ischemia but they exhibit low serum and tissue levels due to low solubility and poor absorption. Curcumin (CUR), demethoxycurcumin (DMC) and bisdemethoxycurcumin (BDMC)-loaded PNIPAM nanoparticles (NPs) were prepared by free radical polymerization and characterized for particles size, entrapment efficiency, zeta potential, in vitro release and ex vivo permeation study. Optimized CUR, DMC and BDMC-loaded NPs had the mean size of 92.46 ± 2.8, 91.23 ± 4.2 and 94.28 ± 1.91 nm; zeta potential of −16.2 ± 1.42, −15.6 ± 1.33 and −16.6 ± 1.21 mV; loading capacity of 39.31 ± 3.7, 38.91 ± 3.6 and 40.61 ± 3.6% and entrapment efficiency of 84.63 ± 4.2, 84.71 ± 3.99 and 85.73 ± 4.31%, respectively. Ultra-performance liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectroscopy based bioanalytical method was developed and validated for pharmacokinetics, biodistribution, brain-targeting efficiency and brain drug-targeting potential studies post-intranasal (i.n.) administration which showed enhanced bioavailability of curcuminoids in brain as compared to intravenous administration. Improved neurobehavioural activity (locomotor and grip strength) and reduced cytokines levels (TNF-α and IL-1β) was observed in middle cerebral artery occlusion induced cerebral ischemic rats after i.n. administration of curcuminoids NPs. Finally, the toxicity study was performed which revealed safe nature of developed NPs.
- brain drug-targeting potential
- brain-targeting efficiency