Pneumonia in HIV-exposed and Infected Children and Association With Malnutrition

Pui Ying Iroh Tam, Matthew O. Wiens, Jerome Kabakyenga, Julius Kiwanuka, Elias Kumbakumba, Peter P. Moschovis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

We evaluated the association between HIV exposed-uninfected (HEU) status, malnutrition and risk of death in Ugandan children hospitalized with pneumonia. Both HIV exposure and infection were associated with lower anthropometric indices on univariate analysis, and mid-upper arm circumference was significantly associated with overall mortality (odds ratio (OR), 0.96) in a multivariable model. HIV infection (OR 5.0) but not HEU status was associated with overall mortality. Malnutrition may contribute to poor pneumonia outcomes among HIV-infected and HEU children requiring hospitalization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1011-1013
Number of pages3
JournalThe Pediatric infectious disease journal
Volume37
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2018
Externally publishedYes

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

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