Platensimycin and platencin biosynthesis in streptomyces platensis, showcasing discovery and characterization of novel bacterial diterpene synthases

Michael J. Smanski, Ryan M. Peterson, Ben Shen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Diterpenoid natural products cover a vast chemical diversity and include many medicinally and industrially relevant compounds. All diterpenoids derive from a common substrate, (E,E,E)-geranylgeranyl diphosphate, which is cyclized into one of many scaffolds by a diterpene synthase (DTS). While diterpene biosynthesis has been extensively studied in plants and fungi, bacteria are now recognized for their production of unique diterpenoids and are likely to harbor an underexplored reservoir of new DTSs. Bacterial diterpenoid biosynthesis can be exploited for the discovery of new natural products, a better mechanistic understanding of DTSs, and the rational engineering of whole metabolic pathways. This chapter describes methods and protocols for identification and characterization of bacterial DTSs, based on our recent work with the DTSs involved in platensimycin and platencin biosynthesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)163-186
Number of pages24
JournalMethods in enzymology
Volume515
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 26 2012

Keywords

  • Biosynthesis
  • Diterpene synthase
  • Geranylgeranyl diphosphate
  • Platencin
  • Platensimycin
  • ent-Atiserene
  • ent-Kaurene

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