Plasma MMP-2, MMP-9 and N-BNP in Long-Term Survivors Following Complicated Myocardial Infarction: Relation to Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging Measures of Left Ventricular Structure and Function

Stein Orn, Cord Manhenke, Iain B. Squire, Leong Ng, Inder Anand, Kenneth Dickstein

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34 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Altered activity of the matrix metalloproteinases (MMP-2 and -9), has been implicated in the left ventricular (LV) remodeling process occurring after myocardial infarction (MI). In the acute phase, a relation between plasma MMP-9 levels and parameters of LV dysfunction has been demonstrated. The relationship in long-term survivors has not been investigated. We studied the relationships of these biochemical markers, and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (N-BNP), with measures of long-term LV remodeling. Methods and Results: Plasma levels of N-BNP, MMP-2, and MMP-9 were measured at randomization, 1 month, 1 year, and >4 years after complicated AMI. Contrast-enhanced cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) was performed at 4.4 (±0.4) years in 52 clinically stable long-term survivors of the index AMI. We assessed the relationships of plasma N-BNP, MMP-2, and MMP-9 with myocardial scarring, and measures of long-term LV remodeling. Compared with a reference population, N-BNP and MMP-9 levels were increased at all time points from the acute phase until >4 years after MI. Plasma N-BNP and MMP-9 correlated only in the subacute phase (randomization, mean 3.3 days after MI) days after acute MI (r = 0.38, P = .006). At CMR assessment ≥4 years, log MMP-9 level was inversely related to LV ejection fraction (P = .002) and nonscarred myocardial mass (P = .008). This relationship was independent of MMP-2. Log N-BNP was related to end diastolic volume index (P = .0002). There was no correlation between log MMP-9 and LV volumes. Conclusion: There is a time-dependent relationship between plasma N-BNP and MMP-9 levels, these peptides correlating only in the acute phase after MI. In long-term follow-up, plasma MMP-9 and N-BNP levels were related to different parameters of LV remodeling. These findings suggest that in long-term survivors of complicated MI, different mechanisms modulate plasma levels of MMP-9 and N-BNP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)843-849
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Cardiac Failure
Volume13
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2007

Keywords

  • Long-term remodeling
  • cardiac magnetic resonance
  • gelatinases
  • myocardial infarction
  • natriuretic peptides
  • scarring

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