Plasma line emission during single-bubble cavitation

David J. Flannigan, Kenneth S. Suslick

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72 Scopus citations


Emission lines from transitions between high-energy states of noble-gas atoms (Ne, Ar, Kr, and Xe) and ions (Ar+, Kr+, and Xe+) formed and excited during single-bubble cavitation in sulfuric acid are reported. The excited states responsible for these emission lines range 8.3 eV (for Xe) to 37.1 eV (for Ar+) above the respective ground states. Observation of emission lines allows for identification of intracavity species responsible for light emission; the populated energy levels indicate the plasma generated during cavitation is comprised of highly energetic particles.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number044301
JournalPhysical review letters
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 22 2005


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