A novel approach for the surface functionalization of silicon nanocrystals through plasma aided grafting of organic molecules has been discussed. Silicon nanocrystals were synthesized on timescales of a few milliseconds from silane precursor gas in a simple radiofrequency powered flow-through reactor. The surface functionalization was performed immediately after synthesis by plasma-assisted in-flight grafting of organic molecules in the non-thermal plasma chamber. The electrostatic charging of nanocrystals in the non-thermal plasma minimized particle aggregation and diffusional losses. The plasma grafted silicon nanocrystals were found to be immediately soluble in nonpolar solvents to form a silicon crystal ink, and in terms of their infrared absorbance, appeared equivalent to liquid-phase functionalized nanocrystals.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|State||Published - Sep 17 2007|