Plasma ω-3 and ω-6 PUFA Concentrations and Risk of Atrial Fibrillation: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis

Parveen K. Garg, Weihua Guan, Sarah Nomura, Natalie Weir, Amy B. Karger, Daniel Duprez, Susan R. Heckbert, Michael Y. Tsai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Current literature examining the prospective relation of circulating omega-3 (n–3) and omega-6 (n–6) PUFAs and atrial fibrillation (AF) is limited to predominantly white populations. Objectives: We investigated the association of circulating n–3 and n–6 PUFAs with incident AF in participants from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. Methods: A total of 6229 participants (mean age = 62 y; 53% female; 39% white, 27% black, 22% Hispanic, and 12% Chinese) who were free of baseline AF and with plasma phospholipid PUFAs measured at baseline using GC were prospectively followed for the development of AF. Incident AF was ascertained using International Classification of Diseases-9 codes from hospital discharge records and Medicare claims data with follow-up through 2014. Multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression analysis was performed to determine the risk of incident AF. Results: During a median follow-up of 12.9 y, 813 (13%) participants developed AF. Each higher SD increment in arachidonic acid (AA; 20:4n–6) concentrations was associated with an 11% decreased risk of incident AF (HR: 0.89; 95% CI: 0.82, 0.96). Similarly, higher overall n–6 PUFA concentrations were also associated with a reduced AF risk (HR per SD increment: 0.93; 95% CI: 0.87, 1.00). Although no significant overall associations were observed for any individual n–3 PUFAs, higher circulating concentrations of DHA (22:6n–3) and EPA (20:5n–3) were associated with a decreased AF risk in blacks and Hispanics (DHA only) but not whites or Chinese Americans. Conclusions: In a multiethnic cohort of individuals free of baseline cardiovascular disease, higher plasma concentrations of n–6 PUFAs, particularly AA, were associated with a reduced risk of incident AF. Important differences in AF risk were also noted across race/ethnicity for the n–3 PUFAs DHA and EPA. J Nutr 2021;151:1479–1486.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1479-1486
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Nutrition
Volume151
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Supported by National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute contracts HHSN268201500003I, N01-HC-95159, N01-HC-95160, N01-HC-95161, N01- HC-95162, N01-HC-95163, N01-HC-95164, N01-HC-95165, N01-HC-95166, N01-HC-95167, N01-HC-95168, and N01-HC-95169 and grant R01-HL-127659, and by National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences grants UL1-TR- 000040, UL1-TR-001079, and UL1-TR-001420 (to PKG).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Oxford University Press. All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • arachidonic acid
  • atrial fibrillation
  • cardiovascular disease
  • fatty acids
  • primary prevention

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

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