Densidade de plantas e adubação nitrogenada na nutrição e produtividade de cultivares de feijão

Translated title of the contribution: Plant density and nitrogen fertilization on common bean nutrition and yield

Rogério Peres Soratto, Tiago Aranda Catuchi, Emerson De Freitas Cordova De Souza, Jader Luis Nantes Garcia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

The objective of this work was to evaluate the effect of plant densities and sidedressed nitrogen (N) rates on nutrition and productive performance of the common bean cultivars IPR 139 and Pérola. For each cultivar, a randomized complete block experimental design was used in a split-plot arrangement, with three replicates. Plots consisted of three plant densities (5, 7, and 9 plants ha-1) and subplots of five N rates (0, 30, 60, 120, and 180 kg ha-1). Aboveground dry matter, leaf macro- and micronutrient concentrations, yield components, grain yield, and protein concentration in grains were evaluated. Lower plant densities (5 and 7 plants m-1) increased aboveground dry matter production and the number of pods per plant and did not reduce grain yield. In the absence of N fertilization, reduction of plant density decreased N concentration in common bean leaves. Nitrogen fertilization linearly increased dry matter and leaf N concentration, mainly at lower plant densities. Regardless of plant density, the N supply linearly increased grain yield of cultivars IPR 139 and Pérola by 17.3 and 52.2%, respectively.

Translated title of the contributionPlant density and nitrogen fertilization on common bean nutrition and yield
Original languagePortuguese
Pages (from-to)670-678
Number of pages9
JournalRevista Caatinga
Volume30
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Grain yield
  • Mineral nutrition
  • Nitrogen
  • Phaseolus vulgaris
  • Plant population

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