PKCε stimulated arginine methylation of RIP140 for its nuclear-cytoplasmic export in adipocyte differentiation

Pawan Gupta, Ping Chih Ho, M. D. Mostaqul Huq, Amjad Ali Khan, Nien Pei Tsai, Li Na Wei

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31 Scopus citations


Background: Receptor interacting protein 140 (RIP140) is a versatile transcriptional co-repressor that plays roles in diverse metabolic processes including fat accumulation in adipocytes. Previously we identified three methylated arginine residues in RIP140, which rendered its export to the cytoplasm; but it was unclear what triggered RIP140 arginine methylation. Methodology/Principal Findings: In this study, we determined the activated PKĊas the specific trigger for RIP140 arginine methylation and its subsequent export. We identified two PKC-̇phosphorylated residues of RIP140, Ser-102 and Ser-1003, which synergistically stimulated direct binding of RIP140 by 14-3-3 that recruited protein arginine methyl transferase 1 to methylate RIP140. The methylated RIP140 then preferentially recruited exportin 1 for nuclear export. As a result, the nuclear gene-repressive activity of RIP140 was reduced. In RIP140 null adipocyte cultures, the defect in fat accumulation was effectively rescued by the phosphoylation-deficient mutant RIP140 that resided predominantly in the nucleus, but less so by the phospho-mimetic RIP140 that was exported to the cytoplasm. Conclusions/Significance: This study uncovers a novel means, via a cascade of protein modifications, to inactivate, or suppress, the nuclear action of an important transcription coregulator RIP140, and delineates the first specific phosphorylation-arginine methylation cascade that could alter protein subcellular distribution and biological activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere2658
JournalPloS one
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 16 2008


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