PIXE and ICP-AES analysis of early glass unearthed from Xinjiang (China)

B. Zhang, H. S. Cheng, B. Ma, Q. H. Li, P. Zhang, F. X. Gan, F. J. Yang

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Early glasses (about 1066 BC-220 AD) unearthed from Xinjiang of China were chemically characterized by using PIXE and ICP-AES. It was found that these glasses were basically attributed to PbO-BaO-SiO2 system, K 2O-SiO2 system, Na2O-CaO-SiO2 system and Na2O-CaO-PbO-SiO2 system. The results from the cluster analysis showed that some glasses had basically similar recipe and technology. The PbO-BaO-SiO2 glass and the K2O-SiO 2 glass were thought to come from the central area and the south of ancient China, respectively. The part of the Na2O-CaO-SiO2 glass (including the Na2O-CaO-PbO-SiO2 glass) might be imported from Mesopotamia, while the other part might be locally produced.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)559-564
Number of pages6
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Oct 2005
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 50272071 and 10135050) and the Intellectual Innovation Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (Grant No. KJCX-N04).


  • China
  • Early glass
  • External-beam PIXE


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