Pineal and ocular influences on male and female turkeys: Plasma luteinizing hormone and prolactin levels during gonadal development

T. D. Siopes, M. E. El Halawani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Plasma levels of prolactin (PRL) and luteinizing hormone (LH) were determined in pinealectomized (PX) and/or bilateral ocular enucleated (EX) turkey hens and toms during gonadal development. Measurements were obtained weekly for 6 weeks following photo-induced ovarian recrudescence in adult hens and biweekly from 12 to 34 weeks of age in sexually developing toms. Both hens and toms were maintained on a photoperiod of 16L:8D. Plasma PRL levels were significantly correlated with time (P < 0.01) and were linear with significant slopes (P < 0.01) in all treatment groups of hens and toms. However, the regression coefficients were positive for the hens and negative for the toms. Both PX and EX reduced PRL levels in the hens. PX did not significantly affect PRL levels of toms but EX depressed PRL levels. In hens LH was not correlated with weeks of photostimulation but in toms LH was positively correlated to age and linear with significant slopes in all treatment groups. There were no significant treatment effects on plasma LH levels of hens or toms. It was concluded that neither the pineal gland nor the eyes effect plasma LH levels of male turkeys during testicular development or female turkeys during photostimulated ovarian recrudescence. Although the eyes affected plasma PRL of both males and females during gonadal development, the pineal only influenced female PRL levels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)284-292
Number of pages9
JournalGeneral and Comparative Endocrinology
Volume73
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1989

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