OBJECTIVE: Patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD) have high protein and energy requirements, and protein-energy wasting is common and associated with poor outcomes. Eating during dialysis may improve nutritional status by counteracting the catabolic effects of HD treatment; but eating during HD may be discouraged because of concerns of postprandial hypotension. However, little data are available to support this practice. In this study, we hypothesized that high-protein meals during HD do not lead to symptomatic intradialytic hypotension events.
DESIGN: A 9-week, nonrandomized, parallel-arm study.
SETTING: A single in-center HD clinic.
SUBJECTS: Eighteen patients undergoing HD from 2 shifts completed the study. Patients were aged 62 ± 16 years with dialysis vintage of 3.4 ± 2.6 years.
INTERVENTION: Patients in the intervention group (n = 9) undergoing HD received meals of ∼30 g protein and ∼1/3 daily recommended intakes of sodium, potassium, phosphorus, and fluid during dialysis for 25 consecutive HD sessions. The control group (n = 9) completed all aspects of the study including a visit by study personnel but were not given meals. The 25 consecutive sessions before the start of the intervention/control phase were used as a baseline comparison for each patient.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Symptomatic hypotension event frequency.
RESULTS: In the intervention arm, there were 19 symptomatic hypotension events in 5 patients prestudy and 18 events in 6 patients during the study. In the control arm, there were 16 events in 7 patients prestudy and 13 events in 7 patients during the study. Change in the frequency of symptomatic hypotension events from prestudy to during study was not different between groups (P = .71). There was no effect of meals on nutritional status, but patients reported positive attitudes toward receiving meals during dialysis.
CONCLUSION: High-protein meals during HD did not increase symptomatic hypotension events. Larger, longer term studies are needed to confirm these results and evaluate whether high-protein meals on dialysis benefit nutritional status and clinical outcomes.
Bibliographical noteCopyright © 2018 National Kidney Foundation, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
- Blood Pressure
- Body Weight
- Dietary Proteins/administration & dosage
- Middle Aged
- Nutritional Status
- Patient Satisfaction
- Pilot Projects
- Renal Dialysis
- Surveys and Questionnaires
PubMed: MeSH publication types
- Journal Article
- Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
- Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.