### Abstract

The natural frequencies of continuous systems depend on the governing partial differential equation and can be numerically estimated using the finite element method. The accuracy and convergence of the finite element method depends on the choice of basis functions. A basis function will generally perform better if it is closely linked to the problem physics. The stiffness matrix is the same for either static or dynamic loading, hence the basis function can be chosen such that it satisfies the static part of the governing differential equation. However, in the case of a rotating beam, an exact closed form solution for the static part of the governing differential equation is not known. In this paper, we try to find an approximate solution for the static part of the governing differential equation for an uniform rotating beam. The error resulting from the approximation is minimized to generate relations between the constants assumed in the solution. This new function is used as a basis function which gives rise to shape functions which depend on position of the element in the beam, material, geometric properties and rotational speed of the beam. The results of finite element analysis with the new basis functions are verified with published literature for uniform and tapered rotating beams under different boundary conditions. Numerical results clearly show the advantage of the current approach at high rotation speeds with a reduction of 10 to 33% in the degrees of freedom required for convergence of the first five modes to four decimal places for an uniform rotating cantilever beam.

Original language | English (US) |
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Pages (from-to) | 21-46 |

Number of pages | 26 |

Journal | Structural Engineering and Mechanics |

Volume | 39 |

Issue number | 1 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Jul 10 2011 |

### Keywords

- Basis functions
- Finite element method
- Rotating beam
- Shape function
- Turbine blade

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## Cite this

*Structural Engineering and Mechanics*,

*39*(1), 21-46. https://doi.org/10.12989/sem.2011.39.1.021