Physician perspectives on the structure and function of group practice HMOs.

J. E. Kralewski, Roger D Feldman, G. Gifford

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


This article explores physicians' perspectives regarding how their HMOs function and their satisfaction with and loyalty to HMOs. Three HMOs were studied: a mature (28-year-old) staff model, a 16-year-old staff model, and a 13-year-old group model with both HMO and fee-for-service patients. While these HMOs were found to vary somewhat in terms of emphasis on patient care versus costs, methods used to control costs and degrees of centralization of decision making, they all received high overall satisfaction and loyalty scores. The staff model HMO with a more decentralized decision making structure received the highest satisfaction/loyalty score from its physicians. The degree to which physicians perceive the HMO to be effective and supportive and the use of educational programs and peer review to influence resource use were also found to be significantly related to physician satisfaction and loyalty.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)43-50
Number of pages8
JournalPhysician executive
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1992


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