Physical, chemical, and serological characterization of avian rotaviruses.

S. Y. Kang, K. V. Nagaraja, J. A. Newman

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Physical, chemical, and serological characterization of rotavirus isolates from turkeys was done. Cesium chloride (CsCl)-gradient isopycnic centrifugation of infected cell cultures revealed the presence of rotavirus particles of three different densities. They were double-shelled, single-shelled, and core particles. The double-shelled particles had a buoyant density (in CsCl) of 1.34 g/cml3, and that of single-shelled particles in CsCl was 1.36 g/cm3. The buoyant density of core particles in CsCl was greater than 1.40 g/cm3. These rotavirus isolates were not inactivated by chloroform and were relatively stable at pH 3.0. Their replication was not affected by 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine. Avian rotaviruses were not completely inactivated by heat treatment of 56 C for 8 hr. All six avian rotavirus isolates examined were antigenically related to each other. However, there was no antigenic relationship between mammalian rotaviruses and the avian rotavirus isolates examined.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)195-203
Number of pages9
JournalAvian diseases
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1988


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