Physical, Analytical, and CFD Models of a Long-Throated Flume

William Herb, Matthew Hernick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


U-flumes are a subset of long-throated flumes suitable for use in wastewater metering. Although their mathematical characteristics are well defined so that they can be readily analyzed with existing design tools for long-throated flumes, specific tests of their performance are sparse in the literature. This study compares rating curves developed using a half-scale physical model, a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model, and an analytical model (WinFlume). The physical model and CFD model were also used to determine the effects of increasing tailwater and to make comparisons to WinFlume's predictions of the limiting tailwater conditions for accurate flow measurement (modular limit). Based on the results obtained from the U-flume physical model, WinFlume estimated the rating curve for the study flume with an accuracy within 3%. The rating curve generated with the CFD model had a similar level of accuracy, corresponding to flow measurement errors of -1.2% to 3.8%. Both WinFlume and the CFD model gave reasonable estimates of the effect of high tailwater on the gauge level reading, but the limited CFD runs used in this study leave room for further work. The results of this portion of the study suggest that both WinFlume and CFD are useful tools for predicting the rating curves of long-throated flumes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number04022002
JournalJournal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was funded by Metropolitan Council Environmental Services. The authors would like to acknowledge the extensive efforts of Erik Steen and Richard Christopher (St. Anthony Falls Lab) in the design and construction of the physical model used in this study.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 American Society of Civil Engineers.


Dive into the research topics of 'Physical, Analytical, and CFD Models of a Long-Throated Flume'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this