Physical activity and changes in weight and waist circumference in midlife women

Findings from the study of women's health the nation

Barbara Sternfeld, Hua Wang, Charles P. Quesenberry, Barbara Abrams, Susan A. Everson-Rose, Gail A. Greendale, Karen A. Matthews, Javier I. Torrens, Mary Fran Sowers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

203 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Controversy exists regarding the extent to which age, menopausal status, and/or lifestyle behaviors account for the increased weight, fat mass, and central adiposity experienced by midlife women. To address this question, the authors longitudinally examined the relations of aging, menopausal status, and physical activity to weight and waist circumference in 3,064 racially/ethnically diverse women aged 42-52 years at baseline who were participating in the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation (SWAN), an observational study of the menopausal transition. Over 3 years of follow-up (1996-1997 to 1999-2000), mean weight increased by 2.1 kg (standard deviation (SD), 4.8) or 3.0% (SD, 6.5) and mean waist circumference increased by 2.2 cm (SD, 5.4) or 2.8% (SD, 6.3). Change in menopausal status was not associated with weight gain or significantly associated with increases in waist circumference. A one-unit increase in reported level of sports/exercise (on a scale of 1-5) was longitudinally related to decreases of 0.32 kg in weight (p < 0.0001) and 0.10 cm in waist circumference (not significant). Similar inverse relations were observed for daily routine physical activity (hiking and walking for transportation and less television viewing). These findings suggest that, although midlife women tend to experience increases in weight and waist circumference over time, maintaining or increasing participation in regular physical activity contributes to prevention or attenuation of those gains.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)912-922
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican journal of epidemiology
Volume160
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2004

Fingerprint

Waist Circumference
Women's Health
Exercise
Weights and Measures
Television
Adiposity
Weight Gain
Walking
Sports
Observational Studies
Life Style
Fats

Keywords

  • Adipose tissue
  • Body constitution
  • Body weight changes
  • Exercise
  • Menopause
  • Physical fitness
  • Prospective studies
  • Weight gain

Cite this

Physical activity and changes in weight and waist circumference in midlife women : Findings from the study of women's health the nation. / Sternfeld, Barbara; Wang, Hua; Quesenberry, Charles P.; Abrams, Barbara; Everson-Rose, Susan A.; Greendale, Gail A.; Matthews, Karen A.; Torrens, Javier I.; Sowers, Mary Fran.

In: American journal of epidemiology, Vol. 160, No. 9, 01.11.2004, p. 912-922.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sternfeld, B, Wang, H, Quesenberry, CP, Abrams, B, Everson-Rose, SA, Greendale, GA, Matthews, KA, Torrens, JI & Sowers, MF 2004, 'Physical activity and changes in weight and waist circumference in midlife women: Findings from the study of women's health the nation', American journal of epidemiology, vol. 160, no. 9, pp. 912-922. https://doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwh299
Sternfeld, Barbara ; Wang, Hua ; Quesenberry, Charles P. ; Abrams, Barbara ; Everson-Rose, Susan A. ; Greendale, Gail A. ; Matthews, Karen A. ; Torrens, Javier I. ; Sowers, Mary Fran. / Physical activity and changes in weight and waist circumference in midlife women : Findings from the study of women's health the nation. In: American journal of epidemiology. 2004 ; Vol. 160, No. 9. pp. 912-922.
@article{b15efaf733064e0e9497c361be26a02b,
title = "Physical activity and changes in weight and waist circumference in midlife women: Findings from the study of women's health the nation",
abstract = "Controversy exists regarding the extent to which age, menopausal status, and/or lifestyle behaviors account for the increased weight, fat mass, and central adiposity experienced by midlife women. To address this question, the authors longitudinally examined the relations of aging, menopausal status, and physical activity to weight and waist circumference in 3,064 racially/ethnically diverse women aged 42-52 years at baseline who were participating in the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation (SWAN), an observational study of the menopausal transition. Over 3 years of follow-up (1996-1997 to 1999-2000), mean weight increased by 2.1 kg (standard deviation (SD), 4.8) or 3.0{\%} (SD, 6.5) and mean waist circumference increased by 2.2 cm (SD, 5.4) or 2.8{\%} (SD, 6.3). Change in menopausal status was not associated with weight gain or significantly associated with increases in waist circumference. A one-unit increase in reported level of sports/exercise (on a scale of 1-5) was longitudinally related to decreases of 0.32 kg in weight (p < 0.0001) and 0.10 cm in waist circumference (not significant). Similar inverse relations were observed for daily routine physical activity (hiking and walking for transportation and less television viewing). These findings suggest that, although midlife women tend to experience increases in weight and waist circumference over time, maintaining or increasing participation in regular physical activity contributes to prevention or attenuation of those gains.",
keywords = "Adipose tissue, Body constitution, Body weight changes, Exercise, Menopause, Physical fitness, Prospective studies, Weight gain",
author = "Barbara Sternfeld and Hua Wang and Quesenberry, {Charles P.} and Barbara Abrams and Everson-Rose, {Susan A.} and Greendale, {Gail A.} and Matthews, {Karen A.} and Torrens, {Javier I.} and Sowers, {Mary Fran}",
year = "2004",
month = "11",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1093/aje/kwh299",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "160",
pages = "912--922",
journal = "American Journal of Epidemiology",
issn = "0002-9262",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "9",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Physical activity and changes in weight and waist circumference in midlife women

T2 - Findings from the study of women's health the nation

AU - Sternfeld, Barbara

AU - Wang, Hua

AU - Quesenberry, Charles P.

AU - Abrams, Barbara

AU - Everson-Rose, Susan A.

AU - Greendale, Gail A.

AU - Matthews, Karen A.

AU - Torrens, Javier I.

AU - Sowers, Mary Fran

PY - 2004/11/1

Y1 - 2004/11/1

N2 - Controversy exists regarding the extent to which age, menopausal status, and/or lifestyle behaviors account for the increased weight, fat mass, and central adiposity experienced by midlife women. To address this question, the authors longitudinally examined the relations of aging, menopausal status, and physical activity to weight and waist circumference in 3,064 racially/ethnically diverse women aged 42-52 years at baseline who were participating in the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation (SWAN), an observational study of the menopausal transition. Over 3 years of follow-up (1996-1997 to 1999-2000), mean weight increased by 2.1 kg (standard deviation (SD), 4.8) or 3.0% (SD, 6.5) and mean waist circumference increased by 2.2 cm (SD, 5.4) or 2.8% (SD, 6.3). Change in menopausal status was not associated with weight gain or significantly associated with increases in waist circumference. A one-unit increase in reported level of sports/exercise (on a scale of 1-5) was longitudinally related to decreases of 0.32 kg in weight (p < 0.0001) and 0.10 cm in waist circumference (not significant). Similar inverse relations were observed for daily routine physical activity (hiking and walking for transportation and less television viewing). These findings suggest that, although midlife women tend to experience increases in weight and waist circumference over time, maintaining or increasing participation in regular physical activity contributes to prevention or attenuation of those gains.

AB - Controversy exists regarding the extent to which age, menopausal status, and/or lifestyle behaviors account for the increased weight, fat mass, and central adiposity experienced by midlife women. To address this question, the authors longitudinally examined the relations of aging, menopausal status, and physical activity to weight and waist circumference in 3,064 racially/ethnically diverse women aged 42-52 years at baseline who were participating in the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation (SWAN), an observational study of the menopausal transition. Over 3 years of follow-up (1996-1997 to 1999-2000), mean weight increased by 2.1 kg (standard deviation (SD), 4.8) or 3.0% (SD, 6.5) and mean waist circumference increased by 2.2 cm (SD, 5.4) or 2.8% (SD, 6.3). Change in menopausal status was not associated with weight gain or significantly associated with increases in waist circumference. A one-unit increase in reported level of sports/exercise (on a scale of 1-5) was longitudinally related to decreases of 0.32 kg in weight (p < 0.0001) and 0.10 cm in waist circumference (not significant). Similar inverse relations were observed for daily routine physical activity (hiking and walking for transportation and less television viewing). These findings suggest that, although midlife women tend to experience increases in weight and waist circumference over time, maintaining or increasing participation in regular physical activity contributes to prevention or attenuation of those gains.

KW - Adipose tissue

KW - Body constitution

KW - Body weight changes

KW - Exercise

KW - Menopause

KW - Physical fitness

KW - Prospective studies

KW - Weight gain

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=7244253095&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=7244253095&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1093/aje/kwh299

DO - 10.1093/aje/kwh299

M3 - Article

VL - 160

SP - 912

EP - 922

JO - American Journal of Epidemiology

JF - American Journal of Epidemiology

SN - 0002-9262

IS - 9

ER -