Phylogeny of the gudgeons (Teleostei: Cyprinidae: Gobioninae)

Kevin L. Tang, Mary K. Agnew, Wei Jen Chen, M. Vincent Hirt, Morgan E. Raley, Tetsuya Sado, Leah M. Schneider, Lei Yang, Henry L. Bart, Shunping He, Huanzhang Liu, Masaki Miya, Kenji Saitoh, Andrew M. Simons, Robert M. Wood, Richard L. Mayden

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64 Scopus citations


The members of the cyprinid subfamily Gobioninae, commonly called gudgeons, form one of the most well-established assemblages in the family Cyprinidae. The subfamily is a species-rich group of fishes, these fishes display diverse life histories, appearances, and behavior. The phylogenetic relationships of Gobioninae are examined using sequence data from four loci: cytochrome b, cytochrome c oxidase I, opsin, and recombination activating gene 1. This investigation produced a data matrix of 4114. bp for 162 taxa that was analyzed using parsimony, maximum likelihood, and Bayesian inference methods. The phylogenies our analyses recovered corroborate recent studies on the group. The subfamily Gobioninae is monophyletic and composed of three major lineages. We find evidence for a Hemibarbus-Squalidus group, and the tribes Gobionini and Sarcocheilichthyini, with the Hemibarbus-Squalidus group sister to a clade of Gobionini-Sarcocheilichthyini. The Hemibarbus-Squalidus group includes those two genera; the tribe Sarcocheilichthyini includes Coreius, Coreoleuciscus, Gnathopogon, Gobiocypris, Ladislavia, Paracanthobrama, Pseudorasbora, Pseudopungtungia, Pungtungia, Rhinogobio, and Sarcocheilichthys; the tribe Gobionini includes Abbottina, Biwia, Gobio, Gobiobotia, Huigobio, Microphysogobio, Platysmacheilus, Pseudogobio, Romanogobio, Saurogobio, and Xenophysogobio. The monotypic Acanthogobio is placed into the synonymy of Gobio. We tentatively assign Belligobio to the Hemibarbus-Squalidus group and Mesogobio to Gobionini; Paraleucogobio and Parasqualidus remain incertae sedis. Based on the topologies presented, the evolution of swim bladder specializations, a distinctive feature among cyprinids, has occurred more than once within the subfamily.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)103-124
Number of pages22
JournalMolecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
Issue number1
StatePublished - Oct 1 2011


  • Cyprinidae
  • Cypriniformes
  • Gobioninae
  • Gudgeons
  • Phylogeny
  • Systematics
  • Taxonomy

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    Tang, K. L., Agnew, M. K., Chen, W. J., Vincent Hirt, M., Raley, M. E., Sado, T., Schneider, L. M., Yang, L., Bart, H. L., He, S., Liu, H., Miya, M., Saitoh, K., Simons, A. M., Wood, R. M., & Mayden, R. L. (2011). Phylogeny of the gudgeons (Teleostei: Cyprinidae: Gobioninae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 61(1), 103-124.