Phylogeny, biogeography, and ecology of Ficus section Malvanthera (Moraceae)

Nina Rønsted, George D Weiblen, V. Savolainen, James M. Cook

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We conducted the first molecular phylogenetic study of Ficus section Malvanthera (Moraceae; subgenus Urostigma) based on 32 Malvanthera accessions and seven outgroups representing other sections of Ficus subgenus Urostigma. We used DNA sequences from the nuclear ribosomal internal and external transcribed spacers (ITS and ETS), and the glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (G3pdh) region. Phylogenetic analysis using maximum parsimony, maximum likelihood and Bayesian methods recovered a monophyletic section Malvanthera to the exclusion of the rubber fig, Ficus elastica. The results of the phylogenetic analyses do not conform to any previously proposed taxonomic subdivision of the section and characters used for previous classification are homoplasious. Geographic distribution, however, is highly conserved and Melanesian Malvanthera are monophyletic. A new subdivision of section Malvanthera reflecting phylogenetic relationships is presented. Section Malvanthera likely diversified during a period of isolation in Australia and subsequently colonized New Guinea. Two Australian series are consistent with a pattern of dispersal out of rainforest habitat into drier habitats accompanied by a reduction in plant height during the transition from hemi-epiphytic trees to lithophytic trees and shrubs. In contradiction with a previous study of Pleistodontes phylogeny suggesting multiple changes in pollination behaviour, reconstruction of changes in pollination behaviour on Malvanthera, suggests only one or a few gains of active pollination within the section.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)12-22
Number of pages11
JournalMolecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
Volume48
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2008

Fingerprint

Moraceae
Ficus
Phylogeny
Ecology
biogeography
Pollination
phylogeny
pollination
ecology
phylogenetics
Rubber
Ecosystem
New Guinea
Ficus elastica
Glyceraldehyde-3-Phosphate Dehydrogenases
Bayes Theorem
habitat
rubber
rainforest
glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase

Keywords

  • ETS
  • Ficus
  • G3pdh
  • ITS
  • Malvanthera
  • Moraceae
  • Phylogeny

Cite this

Phylogeny, biogeography, and ecology of Ficus section Malvanthera (Moraceae). / Rønsted, Nina; Weiblen, George D; Savolainen, V.; Cook, James M.

In: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, Vol. 48, No. 1, 01.07.2008, p. 12-22.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rønsted, Nina ; Weiblen, George D ; Savolainen, V. ; Cook, James M. / Phylogeny, biogeography, and ecology of Ficus section Malvanthera (Moraceae). In: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 2008 ; Vol. 48, No. 1. pp. 12-22.
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