Phylogenetic analysis of PgV-102P, a new virus from the english channel that infects Phaeocystis globosa

William H. Wilson, Declan C. Schroeder, Jenna Ho, Martin Canty

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

A new virus that infects the harmful algal bloom-forming microalga Phaeocystis globosa was isolated from surface water in the English Channel off the coast of Plymouth, UK, in May 2001. Phylogenetic analysis of the DNA polymerase gene revealed the virus isolate, designated PgV-10SP, belongs to the family Phycodnaviridae, a group of large double-stranded DNA viruses known to infect algae. Basic characterization of PgV-10SP revealed it was a lytic virus with a relatively slow culture lysis period of 10-days. The genome size (176 kbp) and capsid diameter (98 nm) of PgV-10SP fall at the bottom end of the range expected for phycodnaviruses. Interestingly, PgV-10SP did not cluster with other P. globosa viruses; instead, it was more closely related to other prymnesioviruses that infect the marine prymnesiophyte Chrysochromulina brevifilum. We discuss the effectiveness of DNA polymerase as a diagnostic marker. Although it is ideal for determining what family or even genus an algal virus belongs to, it is clear that the DNA polymerase gene does not have sufficient resolution when looking for relationships within algal virus genera.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)485-490
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom
Volume86
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 26 2006

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