Photodynamic therapy to the oral cavity, tongue and larynx: a canine normal tissue tolerance study

Merrill A. Biel, William Janssen, Michael F. Trump

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) has the potential to treat early carcinomas of the oral cavity and larynx while preserving normal tissue. However, normal tissues retain the photosensitizing agents and may be activated by high light fluence and dose rates resulting in normal tissue necrosis. The effects of varying dose rates of light delivery on various tissues in the upper aerodigestive tract have not been evaluated to date and are necessary to determine a 'therapeutic light dose range' that will result in selective tumour necrosis. Thirty adult mongrel dogs received intravenous Photofrin, 2 mg kg-1, 48 h prior to PDT treatment. Photodynamic therapy was administered to the tongue, buccal mucosa and larynx with a microlens fibre and implantable cylindrical diffuser at various dose rates from 20 to 125 J cm-2 at 150 mW cm-2. At the same dose rate of light delivery, the tongue was the most sensitive organ, followed by the buccal mucosa, and last by the larynx. The differential tissue effect of identical dose rates of therapy must be taken into account when administering PDT so that selective tumour necrosis with normal tissue preservation may be achieved. This study indicates the need to perform evaluations of the effect of PDT on other tissue types in an animal model with each new photosensitizer prior to administering PDT to those areas in humans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13-18
Number of pages6
JournalLasers In Medical Science
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 1995

Keywords

  • Larynx
  • Light dose rates
  • Oval cavity
  • Photodynamic therapy

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