Photochemical formation of brominated dioxins and other products of concern from hydroxylated polybrominated diphenyl ethers (OH-PBDEs)

Paul R. Erickson, Matthew Grandbois, William A. Arnold, Kristopher McNeill

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

49 Scopus citations

Abstract

The photochemical conversion of selected hydroxylated polybrominated diphenyl ethers (OH-PBDEs) to dioxins and other products was investigated. OH-PBDEs, which are both transformation products of polybrominated diphenyl ethers and naturally occurring compounds, undergo direct photolysis to yield a number of products that may have a higher toxicity than their parent. The compounds investigated were 6-OH-PBDE 99, 6"-OH-PBDE 100, and 6"-OH-PBDE 118. Of special interest was 6"-OH-PBDE 118, a potential transformation product of PBDE 153 that is capable of photochemically generating 2,3,7,8-tetrabromodibenzo-p-dioxin, the most toxic brominated dioxin congener. Photolysis experiments were conducted at two different pH values to assess the photochemical behavior of both the phenol and phenolate form of the compounds. The percent conversion to dioxin and other photoproducts was determined and the natural product, 6-OH-PBDE 99, was found to have the highest conversion to dioxin (7%). The reaction quantum yields ranged from 0.027 to 0.16 across all photolysis conditions. In addition, it is shown that all three compounds are capable of photochemically generating other compounds of concern, including brominated phenols and a dibenzofuran.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8174-8180
Number of pages7
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Volume46
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 7 2012

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