Photochemical aerosol formation from SO2: A theoretical analysis of smog chamber data

Peter H. McMurry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

84 Scopus citations

Abstract

A simplified theoretical model is proposed for evaluating the dynamic behavior of photochemically generated aerosols in the SO2-air system. The key simplifying assumption is that evaporation rates are negligible compared with condensation rates for molecular clusters and particles of all sizes. The theory accounts for the formation of condensable molecules (monomer) by chemical reaction, and coagulation of these monomer with clusters of condensed molecules to form larger particles. Cluster coagulation is also included. For a constant rate of monomer production, the equations can be cast in a dimensionless form which is independent of the rate of monomer formation by chemical reaction. These dimensionless equations have been solved numerically, both including and neglecting the effect of London-van der Waals forces on the coagulation rate. Agreement between theory and the data ofW. E. Clark ("Measurements of Aerosols Produced by the Photochemical Oxidation of SO2 in Air," Ph.D. thesis, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, 1972) and G. Madelaine, M. Perrin, and A. Renoux (J. Aerosol Sci. 12, 202 (1979)) is good, particularly when London-van der Waals forces are considered. Because the solutions are presented in dimensionless form, direct application of these results for arbitrary rates of aerosol formation and for aerosols with arbitrary physical properties is possible.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)513-527
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Colloid And Interface Science
Volume78
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1980
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The author is indebted to Fred Gelbard for providing him access to the computational tools used in this study. This research was supported in part by NSF Grant 78-05561, EPA Grant R803851, and the University of Minnesota Computing Center. The contents of this paper do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the supporting agencies.

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