Phosphorylation of myosin-II regulatory light chain by cyclin-p34cdc2: A mechanism for the timing of cytokinesis

L. L. Satterwhite, M. J. Lohka, K. L. Wilson, T. Y. Scherson, L. J. Cisek, J. L. Corden, T. D. Pollard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

169 Scopus citations

Abstract

To understand how cytokinesis is regulated during mitosis, we tested cyclin-p34cdc2 for myosin-II kinase activity, and investigated the mitotic-specific phosphorylation of myosin-II in lysates of Xenopus eggs. Purified cyclin-p34cdc2 phosphorylated the regulatory light chain of cytoplasmic and smooth muscle myosin-II in vitro on serine-1 or serine-2 and threonine-9, sites known to inhibit the actin-activated myosin ATPase activity of smooth muscle and nonmuscle myosin (Nishikawa, M., J. R. Sellers, R. S. Adelstein, and H. Hidaka. 1984. J. Biol. Chem. 259:8808-8814; Bengur, A. R., A. E. Robinson, E. Appella, and J. R. Sellers. 1987. J. Biol Chem. 262:7613-7617; Ikebe, M., and S. Reardon. 1990. Biochemistry. 29:2713-2720). Serine-1 or -2 of the regulatory light chain of Xenopus cytoplasmic myosin-II was also phosphorylated in Xenopus egg lysates stabilized in metaphase, but not in interphase. Inhibition of myosin-II by cyclin-p34cdc2 during prophase and metaphase could delay cytokinesis until chromosome segregation is initiated and thus determine the timing of cytokinesis relative to earlier events in mitosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)595-605
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Cell Biology
Volume118
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 1992

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