Phenotypic plasticity's impacts on diversification and speciation

David W. Pfennig, Matthew A. Wund, Emilie C. Snell-Rood, Tami Cruickshank, Carl D. Schlichting, Armin P. Moczek

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

695 Scopus citations


Phenotypic plasticity (the ability of a single genotype to produce multiple phenotypes in response to variation in the environment) is commonplace. Yet its evolutionary significance remains controversial, especially in regard to whether and how it impacts diversification and speciation. Here, we review recent theory on how plasticity promotes: (i) the origin of novel phenotypes, (ii) divergence among populations and species, (iii) the formation of new species and (iv) adaptive radiation. We also discuss the latest empirical support for each of these evolutionary pathways to diversification and identify potentially profitable areas for future research. Generally, phenotypic plasticity can play a largely underappreciated role in driving diversification and speciation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)459-467
Number of pages9
JournalTrends in Ecology and Evolution
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 1 2010


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