Phase transformations involving network phases in ISO triblock copolymer-homopolymer blends

Thomas H. Epps, Joon Chatterjee, Frank S. Bates

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

Poly(isoprene-6-styrene-6-ethylene oxide) (ISO) triblock copolymers were blended with poly-(styrene) and poly(isoprene) homopolymers at compositions close to those previously shown to produce triply periodic, multiply continuous network phases. Homopolymer molecular weights were approximately equal to the corresponding block molecular weights, and homopolymer concentrations up to 21 vol % were explored without evidence of phase separation. Three triply periodic network phases were identified: a core-shell double gyroid (Q 230, Ia3̄d space group symmetry), an orthorhombic network (O 70, Fddd space group symmetry), and an alternating gyroid (Q 214, I4 132 space group symmetry). Tuning the overall composition by adding homopolymer resulted in systematic phase transitions between the Q 230 and O 70 networks and between the Q 214 and O 70 networks. In addition, doping with both polystyrene) and poly(isoprene) homopolymer induced transitions from three-domain lamellae (LAM 3) to the O 70 network phase. In general, phases identified in the triblock/homopolymer systems are located at nearly the same compositions established for undiluted ISO. Specific structural assignments and qualitative assessments of long-range order were made using small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), birefringence, dynamic mechanical spectroscopy (DMS), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) data acquired from polydomain (powdered) samples. The results presented herein demonstrate an efficient method for exploring triblock copolymer phase space based on precise and continuous composition control.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8775-8784
Number of pages10
JournalMacromolecules
Volume38
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 18 2005

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