OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy and toxicity of oral topotecan and paclitaxel in untreated patients with extensive stage small cell lung cancer (SCLC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-eight patients received 1.75 mg/m of oral topotecan days 1 to 5 and 175 mg/m paclitaxel IV over 3 hours on day 5 (after topotecan) every 4 weeks for 6 cycles. Subcutaneous G-CSF at a dose of 5 μg/kg was then given 24 to 48 hours after the last dose of chemotherapy and daily for 10 days. RESULTS: All 38 patients were available for toxicity and response analysis. A median of 5 treatment cycles was given, with a range of 1 to 7 cycles. Seventeen (45%) patients received at least 6 cycles of treatment. The most common severe adverse events were neutropenia (42.1%), leukopenia (34.2%), thrombocytopenia (18.4%), nausea (18.4%), diarrhea (13.2%), and fatigue (13.2%). Two grade 5 treatment-related evens were seen. The median overall survival was 9.1 month (95% CI: 7.5-13.0 months), with a 1-year survival estimate of 44.7% (95% CI: 31.4-63.7%) and a 2-year survival rate of 5.3% (95% CI: 1.4-20.3%). The median time to progression was 5.0 months (95% CI: 3.8-6.6 months), with a 1-year progression-free rate of 5.8% (95% CI: 1.5-22.2%) and a 2-year progression-free rate of 2.9% (95% CI: 0.4-19.9%). The estimated confirmed response rate was 52.9%. CONCLUSION: This regimen has shown similar antitumor activity to that achieved with standard therapy. Because of unacceptable toxicity and cost, we do not recommend this regimen in a palliative setting.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||American Journal of Clinical Oncology: Cancer Clinical Trials|
|State||Published - Jun 2006|
- Oral topotecan