Phase behavior of mixtures of DPPC and POPG

Timothy Wiedmann, Amir Salmon, Vincent Wong

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48 Scopus citations


The phase relation of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) and 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-phosphatidylglycerol (POPG) has been determined by measurement of the endothermic transitions of mixtures of DPPC and POPG in 100 mM NaCl, 50 mM PIPES (pH 7.0). With the use of differential scanning calorimetry, the gel-liquid crystalline phase transitions of pure POPG and DPPC were estimated to be 274 K and 315.8 K, respectively. With mixtures, there was considerable broadening of the endotherms, but there was no evidence of immiscibility. At high and low mole fractions of DPPC, the observed transition regions are not different from that calculated assuming ideal behavior. However in the central region of the phase diagram, there were deviations from both the ideal liquidus and solidus curves. The chemical shift anisotropy of the 13C-labelled carbonyl carbon of pure DPPC was determined as a function of temperature. At 298 K, a broad peak characteristic of axially symmetric motional averaging of the shielding tensor was observed. At a temperature of 300 K, a narrow peak at 173 ppm was superimposed upon the broad peak. The magnitude of the narrow resonance increased with temperature over the range of 300 to 315 K with the spectrum obtained at the latter point almost completely devoid of any broad features. Spectra obtained with a 9:1 mole ratio of DPPC/POPG was very similar to that obtained with pure DPPC. However, with increasing amounts of POPG, both the temperature at which the narrow resonance appeared and the temperature at which only a narrow resonance was observed were reduced. Over the range of 0 to 50 mol % POPG, there was no major change in the width or shape of the spectra which contained only a broad or narrow resonance. Also for mol % of POPG of 20% and less, there was agreement between the temperature at which only the narrow component was observed and the completion of the main phase transition based on the DSC scans. However, at the two higher mol % of 33 and 50%, the temperature at which only the narrow component was observed was lower than the temperature established for the completion of the main phase transition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)114-120
Number of pages7
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA)/Lipids and Lipid Metabolism
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 7 1993


  • Chemical shift anisotropy
  • DPPC
  • Lung surfactant
  • NMR
  • POPG
  • Phase property


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