Pharmacy students' retention of knowledge and skills following training in automated external defibrillator use

Karen Birckelbaw Kopacek, Legreid Anna Dopp, John M. Dopp, Orly Vardeny, J. Jason Sims

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives. To assess pharmacy students' retention of knowledge about appropriate automated external defibrillator use and counseling points following didactic training and simulated experience. Design. Following a lecture on sudden cardiac arrest and automated external defibrillator use, secondyear doctor of pharmacy (PharmD) students were assessed on their ability to perform basic life support and deliver a shock at baseline, 3 weeks, and 4 months. Students completed a questionnaire to evaluate recall of counseling points for laypeople/the public. Assessment. Mean time to shock delivery at baseline was 74 ± 25 seconds, which improved significantly at 3 weeks (50 ± 17 seconds, p < 0.001) and was maintained at 4 months (47 ± 18 seconds, p < 0.001). Recall of all signs and symptoms of sudden cardiac arrest and automated external defibrillator counseling points was diminished after 4 months. Conclusion. Pharmacy students can use automated external defibrillators to quickly deliver a shock and are able to retain this ability after 4 months. Refresher training/courses will be required to improve students' retention of automated external defibrillator counseling points to ensure their ability to deliver appropriate patient education.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican journal of pharmaceutical education
Volume74
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2010

Keywords

  • Assessment
  • Automated external defibrillator (AED)
  • Cardiology
  • Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)
  • Simulation

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