Pharmacological profiling an abundantly expressed schistosome serotonergic GPCR identifies nuciferine as a potent antagonist

John D. Chan, Sreemoyee Acharya, Timothy A. Day, Jonathan S. Marchant

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) is a key regulator of muscle contraction in parasitic flatworms. In Schistosoma mansoni, the myoexcitatory action of 5-HT is effected through activation of a serotonergic GPCR (Sm.5HTRL), prioritizing pharmacological characterization of this target for anthelmintic drug discovery. Here, we have examined the effects of several aporphine alkaloids on the signaling activity of a heterologously expressed Sm.5HTRL construct using a cAMP biosensor assay. Four structurally related natural products – nuciferine, D-glaucine, boldine and bulbocapnine – were demonstrated to block Sm.5HTRL evoked cAMP generation with the potency of GPCR blockade correlating well with the ability of each drug to inhibit contractility of schistosomule larvae. Nuciferine was also effective at inhibiting both basal and 5-HT evoked motility of adult schistosomes. These data advance our understanding of structure-affinity relationships at Sm.5HTRL, and demonstrate the effectiveness of Sm.5HTRL antagonists as hypomotility-evoking drugs across different parasite life cycle stages.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)364-370
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal for Parasitology: Drugs and Drug Resistance
Volume6
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2016

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by NIH (AI125821). We are grateful for reagents provided by BEI Resources that enabled parasite assays.

Keywords

  • 5-HT
  • Methoxyisoquinoline
  • Natural products
  • Schistosomiasis

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