We have examined the pharmacokinetic interaction between isradipine and lovastatin in six male and six female, healthy, normotensive, human subjects after a single dose and after treatment for 5 days. The isradipine plasma concentrations were determined by a radioimmunoassay and the lovastatin serum concentrations by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS) and by the inhibition of the 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaric-coenzyme reductase activity. We found that the apparent serum concentrations of lovastatin were 4- to 6-fold higher in the reductase-inhibition assay than the GC/MS assay, suggesting that the bulk of the reductase inhibition is due to active metabolites. The peak and the time-to-peek concentrations were unaffected by the treatments, either after the first dose or after continued administration. In male subjects, after repeated doses of isradipine, the lovastatin area under the time-concentration curves (AUCs) decreased by 40% as determined by the GC/MS assay (P < .001) and 20% as determined by the reductase-inhibition assay (P < .0022). In the female subjects, isradipine treatment decreased the lovastatin AUCs as determined by the GC/MS assay, but this was not statistically significant due to a high variance. Furthermore, in the female subjects, isradipine had no effect on the lovastatin AUCS as determined by the reductase-inhibition assay. Because the lovastatin peak and the time-to-peak concentrations were unaffected by isradipine treatment, the decreased lovastatin AUCs were probably not due to altered intestinal absorption. More likely, because lovastatin has a high hepatic clearance, the decreased AUCs seen after isradipine treatment could be due to increases in the clearance of lovastatin secondary to increased hepatic blood flow.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics|
|State||Published - Apr 24 1995|