Pharmacogenetic association of the APOA1/C3/A4/A5 gene cluster and lipid responses to fenofibrate: The genetics of lipid-lowering drugs and diet network study

Yongjun Liu, Jose M. Ordovas, Guimin Gao, Michael Province, Robert J. Straka, Michael Y. Tsai, Chao Qiang Lai, Kui Zhang, Ingrid Borecki, James E. Hixson, David B. Allison, Donna K. Arnett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background The apolipoproteins (APOA1/C3/A4/A5) are key components in modulating lipoprotein metabolism. It is unknown whether variants at the APOA1/C3/A4/A5 gene cluster are associated with lipid response to pharmacologic intervention. Methods and results Plasma triglycerides (TGs) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) levels were measured in 861 Genetics of Lipid-Lowering Drugs and Diet Network study participants who underwent a 3-week fenofibrate trial. We examined 18 common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) spanning the APOA1/C3/A4/A5 genes to investigate the effects of variants at the gene cluster on lipid response to fenofibrate treatment We found that the minor alleles of the SNPs rs3135506 (APOA5_S19W), rs5104 (APOA4_N147S), rs4520 (APOC3_G34G), and rs5128 (APOC3_3U386) were associated with enhanced TG response to fenofibrate treatment (P= 0.0004-0.018). The minor allele of SNP rs2854117 (APOC3_M482) was associated with reduced rather than enhanced TG response (P= 0.026). The SNP rs3135506 (APOA5_S19W) was associated with HDL response, with minor allele related to reduced HDL response to fenofibrate (P = 0.002). Association analyses on haplotype provided corroborative evidence to single SNP association analyses. The common haplotypes H2, H3, and H5 were significantly associated with reduced TG response to fenofibrate. Conclusion The genetic variants at APOA1/C3/A4/A5 gene cluster may be useful markers to predict response of lipid-lowering therapy with fenofibrate. Further studies to replicate/confirm our findings are warranted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)161-169
Number of pages9
JournalPharmacogenetics and genomics
Volume19
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2009

Keywords

  • Apolipoproteins gene cluster
  • Fenofibrate
  • Hypertriglyceridemia
  • Pharmacogenetics

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