Pharmacists Are Not Mid-Level Providers

Gina D. Moore, Lynette R. Bradley-Baker, Nidhi Gandhi, Diane B. Ginsburg, Karl Hess, Clark Kebodeaux, Jody L. Lounsbery, Lisa M. Meny, Elizabeth K. Tanner, Anne Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debatepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Pharmacists should not be classified as “mid-level” providers. This classification implies that there are different levels or a hierarchy of providers when in fact each health care provider brings unique and essential knowledge and contributions to the health care team and to the care of patients. Pharmacists are no exception. Timely issues germane to pharmacists, including dependent and independent practice, provider status, and professional identity, contribute to the rationale that pharmacists, just like all other health care providers, should be classified by their professional identity. While use of the term mid-level provider to identify various practitioners may not seem consequential, in today’s health care environ-ment, words do matter when it comes to attributing value, and the contributions of all health care providers should be recognized as equally important to the patient care team.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number8556
Pages (from-to)154-157
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican journal of pharmaceutical education
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy. All rights reserved.


  • collaborative drug therapy management
  • pharmacists
  • professional identity
  • Humans
  • Patient Care Team
  • Professional Role
  • Pharmacists
  • Education, Pharmacy

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article


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