Pharmacists' and patients' roles in the pharmacist-patient relationship: Are pharmacists and patients reading from the same relationship script?

Marcia M. Worley, Jon C Schommer, Lawrence M. Brown, Ronald S Hadsall, Paul L Ranelli, Tim Stratton, Donald L Uden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

88 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Pharmacists' professional roles have maturated to include provision of information, education, and pharmaceutical care services. These changes have resulted in a focus on collaborative pharmacist-patient professional relationships, in which pharmacists and patients both have roles and responsibilities. Objective: The study purpose was to investigate pharmacists' and patients' views of selected pharmacist and patient roles in the pharmacist-patient professional relationship, using principles of role theory. Pharmacist and patient role dimensions studied included (1) "information sharing,"(2) "responsible behavior," and (3) "interpersonal communication." "Creating a patient-centered relationship" and "active communication related to health care" were additional pharmacist and patient role dimensions studied, respectively. Methods: Data were collected via mailed questionnaires from national random samples of 500 patients aged 18 years and older and 500 pharmacists. Internal consistency reliability was estimated for pharmacist and patient role dimensions using Cronbach's coefficient alpha and bivariate correlation analysis. Student's t test was used to compare pharmacists' and patients' views of role dimensions (alpha level of significance = .05). Descriptive statistics were used to characterize the pharmacist and patient samples. Results: The adjusted response rates for the pharmacist and patient groups were 34.9% (173/496) and 40.8% (196/480), respectively. Pharmacist and patient role dimensions exhibited adequate reliability coefficients. Results showed that pharmacists and patients have similar views regarding pharmacists' "information sharing" roles in the relationship, but for the most part, patients agree less about pharmacists' "responsible behavior," "creating a patient-centered relationship," and "interpersonal communication" roles. Regarding patient roles in the relationship, pharmacists and patients have different views about patients' "information sharing," "responsible behavior," "interpersonal communication," and "active communication related to health care" roles. Results suggest that pharmacists more strongly agree that these are patient roles in the relationship than patients do. Conclusions: If pharmacists and patients agree on relationship roles, the functionality and outcomes of this relationship will be optimized. Future research is needed to monitor trends in pharmacists' and patients' views of their relationship roles and to develop strategies as needed to ensure that pharmacists and patients are following the same relationship script.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)47-69
Number of pages23
JournalResearch in Social and Administrative Pharmacy
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2007

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Pharmacists
Reading
Communication
Health care
Education
Information Dissemination
Statistics
Professional-Patient Relations
Students
Pharmaceutical Services
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Delivery of Health Care
Professional Role

Keywords

  • Expectations
  • Patients' roles
  • Pharmacist-patient relationship
  • Pharmacists' roles
  • Relationship script
  • Role theory

Cite this

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title = "Pharmacists' and patients' roles in the pharmacist-patient relationship: Are pharmacists and patients reading from the same relationship script?",
abstract = "Background: Pharmacists' professional roles have maturated to include provision of information, education, and pharmaceutical care services. These changes have resulted in a focus on collaborative pharmacist-patient professional relationships, in which pharmacists and patients both have roles and responsibilities. Objective: The study purpose was to investigate pharmacists' and patients' views of selected pharmacist and patient roles in the pharmacist-patient professional relationship, using principles of role theory. Pharmacist and patient role dimensions studied included (1) {"}information sharing,{"}(2) {"}responsible behavior,{"} and (3) {"}interpersonal communication.{"} {"}Creating a patient-centered relationship{"} and {"}active communication related to health care{"} were additional pharmacist and patient role dimensions studied, respectively. Methods: Data were collected via mailed questionnaires from national random samples of 500 patients aged 18 years and older and 500 pharmacists. Internal consistency reliability was estimated for pharmacist and patient role dimensions using Cronbach's coefficient alpha and bivariate correlation analysis. Student's t test was used to compare pharmacists' and patients' views of role dimensions (alpha level of significance = .05). Descriptive statistics were used to characterize the pharmacist and patient samples. Results: The adjusted response rates for the pharmacist and patient groups were 34.9{\%} (173/496) and 40.8{\%} (196/480), respectively. Pharmacist and patient role dimensions exhibited adequate reliability coefficients. Results showed that pharmacists and patients have similar views regarding pharmacists' {"}information sharing{"} roles in the relationship, but for the most part, patients agree less about pharmacists' {"}responsible behavior,{"} {"}creating a patient-centered relationship,{"} and {"}interpersonal communication{"} roles. Regarding patient roles in the relationship, pharmacists and patients have different views about patients' {"}information sharing,{"} {"}responsible behavior,{"} {"}interpersonal communication,{"} and {"}active communication related to health care{"} roles. Results suggest that pharmacists more strongly agree that these are patient roles in the relationship than patients do. Conclusions: If pharmacists and patients agree on relationship roles, the functionality and outcomes of this relationship will be optimized. Future research is needed to monitor trends in pharmacists' and patients' views of their relationship roles and to develop strategies as needed to ensure that pharmacists and patients are following the same relationship script.",
keywords = "Expectations, Patients' roles, Pharmacist-patient relationship, Pharmacists' roles, Relationship script, Role theory",
author = "Worley, {Marcia M.} and Schommer, {Jon C} and Brown, {Lawrence M.} and Hadsall, {Ronald S} and Ranelli, {Paul L} and Tim Stratton and Uden, {Donald L}",
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T2 - Are pharmacists and patients reading from the same relationship script?

AU - Worley, Marcia M.

AU - Schommer, Jon C

AU - Brown, Lawrence M.

AU - Hadsall, Ronald S

AU - Ranelli, Paul L

AU - Stratton, Tim

AU - Uden, Donald L

PY - 2007/3/1

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N2 - Background: Pharmacists' professional roles have maturated to include provision of information, education, and pharmaceutical care services. These changes have resulted in a focus on collaborative pharmacist-patient professional relationships, in which pharmacists and patients both have roles and responsibilities. Objective: The study purpose was to investigate pharmacists' and patients' views of selected pharmacist and patient roles in the pharmacist-patient professional relationship, using principles of role theory. Pharmacist and patient role dimensions studied included (1) "information sharing,"(2) "responsible behavior," and (3) "interpersonal communication." "Creating a patient-centered relationship" and "active communication related to health care" were additional pharmacist and patient role dimensions studied, respectively. Methods: Data were collected via mailed questionnaires from national random samples of 500 patients aged 18 years and older and 500 pharmacists. Internal consistency reliability was estimated for pharmacist and patient role dimensions using Cronbach's coefficient alpha and bivariate correlation analysis. Student's t test was used to compare pharmacists' and patients' views of role dimensions (alpha level of significance = .05). Descriptive statistics were used to characterize the pharmacist and patient samples. Results: The adjusted response rates for the pharmacist and patient groups were 34.9% (173/496) and 40.8% (196/480), respectively. Pharmacist and patient role dimensions exhibited adequate reliability coefficients. Results showed that pharmacists and patients have similar views regarding pharmacists' "information sharing" roles in the relationship, but for the most part, patients agree less about pharmacists' "responsible behavior," "creating a patient-centered relationship," and "interpersonal communication" roles. Regarding patient roles in the relationship, pharmacists and patients have different views about patients' "information sharing," "responsible behavior," "interpersonal communication," and "active communication related to health care" roles. Results suggest that pharmacists more strongly agree that these are patient roles in the relationship than patients do. Conclusions: If pharmacists and patients agree on relationship roles, the functionality and outcomes of this relationship will be optimized. Future research is needed to monitor trends in pharmacists' and patients' views of their relationship roles and to develop strategies as needed to ensure that pharmacists and patients are following the same relationship script.

AB - Background: Pharmacists' professional roles have maturated to include provision of information, education, and pharmaceutical care services. These changes have resulted in a focus on collaborative pharmacist-patient professional relationships, in which pharmacists and patients both have roles and responsibilities. Objective: The study purpose was to investigate pharmacists' and patients' views of selected pharmacist and patient roles in the pharmacist-patient professional relationship, using principles of role theory. Pharmacist and patient role dimensions studied included (1) "information sharing,"(2) "responsible behavior," and (3) "interpersonal communication." "Creating a patient-centered relationship" and "active communication related to health care" were additional pharmacist and patient role dimensions studied, respectively. Methods: Data were collected via mailed questionnaires from national random samples of 500 patients aged 18 years and older and 500 pharmacists. Internal consistency reliability was estimated for pharmacist and patient role dimensions using Cronbach's coefficient alpha and bivariate correlation analysis. Student's t test was used to compare pharmacists' and patients' views of role dimensions (alpha level of significance = .05). Descriptive statistics were used to characterize the pharmacist and patient samples. Results: The adjusted response rates for the pharmacist and patient groups were 34.9% (173/496) and 40.8% (196/480), respectively. Pharmacist and patient role dimensions exhibited adequate reliability coefficients. Results showed that pharmacists and patients have similar views regarding pharmacists' "information sharing" roles in the relationship, but for the most part, patients agree less about pharmacists' "responsible behavior," "creating a patient-centered relationship," and "interpersonal communication" roles. Regarding patient roles in the relationship, pharmacists and patients have different views about patients' "information sharing," "responsible behavior," "interpersonal communication," and "active communication related to health care" roles. Results suggest that pharmacists more strongly agree that these are patient roles in the relationship than patients do. Conclusions: If pharmacists and patients agree on relationship roles, the functionality and outcomes of this relationship will be optimized. Future research is needed to monitor trends in pharmacists' and patients' views of their relationship roles and to develop strategies as needed to ensure that pharmacists and patients are following the same relationship script.

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KW - Relationship script

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