PH WINS 2021 Methodology Report

Moriah Robins, Jonathon P. Leider, Kay Schaffer, Melissa Gambatese, Elizabeth Allen, Rachel Hare Bork

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Context: The Public Health Workforce Interests and Needs Survey (PH WINS) was fielded in 2014 and 2017 and is the largest survey of the governmental public health workforce. It captures individual employees' perspectives on key issues such as workplace engagement and satisfaction, intention to leave, training needs, ability to address public health issues, as well as collects demographic information. This article describes the methods used for the 2021 PH WINS fielding. PH WINS 2021: PH WINS 2021 was fielded to a nationally representative sample of staff in State Health Agency-Central Offices (SHA-COs) and local health departments (LHDs) from September 13, 2021, to January 14, 2022. The instrument was revised to assess the pandemic's potential toll on the workforce, including deployment to COVID-19 response roles and well-being, and the country's renewed focus on health equity and "Racism as a Public Health Crisis." PH WINS 2021 had 3 sampling frames: SHAs, Big Cities Health Coalition (BCHC) members, and LHDs. All participating agencies were surveyed using a census approach. Participation: Overall, staff lists for 47 SHAs, 29 BCHC members, and 259 LHDs were collected, and the survey was sent to 137 446 individuals. PH WINS received a total of 44 732 responses, 35% of eligible respondents. The nationally representative SHA-CO frame includes a total of 14 957 individuals, and the nationally representative LHD frame includes 26 933 individuals from 439 LHDs (decentralized and nondecentralized). Considerations for Analysis: PH WINS now offers a multiyear, nationally representative sample of both SHA-CO and LHD staff. Both practice and academia can use PH WINS to better understand the strengths, needs, and opportunities of the workforce. When using PH WINS for additional data analysis, there are a number of considerations both within the 2021 data set and when conducting multiyear and multiple cross-sectional analyses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S35-S44
JournalJournal of Public Health Management and Practice
Issue numberSupplement 1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
PH WINS is funded by the de Beaumont Foundation. All authors were funded by the de Beaumont Foundation to work on the fielding and evaluation of PH WINS.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. All rights reserved.


  • Public Health Workforce Interests and Needs Survey (PH WINS)
  • governmental public health practice
  • methodology report
  • survey research methods
  • workforce research

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't


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